Jakarta, Indonesia's economic and political center, has the world's tenth largest population. Established in the fourth century, it became an important trading port in the Hindu Sunda Kingdom. The Portuguese were allowed to build a fort in 1522, to offset rising Islamic power of the Javan Sultanate of Demak. But in 1527 Demak conquered Sunda Kelapa, drove out the Portuguese, and renamed the city "Jayakarta," part of the Sultanate of Banten. Dutch and British interests then vied for control, but by 1619 the Netherlands prevailed, renaming the city "Batavia." During WWII Japanese forces briefly took control. After Japan's 1945 defeat, the nationalist leader Sukarno declared independence and was proclamed president, but Indonesians had to fight the returning Dutch until 1949, when Jakarta became the capital city of the new nation.
Indonesia has about 300 ethnic groups, each with it's own cultural identity. Some of all of them can be found in this huge city, along with their various languages, dialects, foods and customs. A large Chinese community also contributes to this cultural mix.
Popular local Jakarta dishes include Soto Betawi, cow's mill or coconut milk broth, with beef tendons, intestines, and tripe. Traditional Padang (West Sumatra) restaurants and inexpensive Javanese Warteg (Warung Tegal) food stalls may be found everywhere. All the islands and regions of Indonesia are represented, each unique but influenced by so many others at this trading crossroads. Flavors of these storied "Spice Islands" brought ships from far and wide, and locals were quick to adopt new foods such as peanuts and chili peppers, brought by 16th century Spaniards from the Americas. International fare includes American fast food, Chinese of many varieties, French, Indian, Japanese, Korean, Middle Eastern, Thai, and contemporary fusions. Rice retains a central place in this culture, shaping the landscape, sold at every marketplace, and served in most meals, both savory and sweet. Coconut milk is another important staple. Bottled water should always be used, and the 'tamper proof' seal checked.
Primarily a city of government and business this has not been a big tourist destination, except for the old city. The building of new entertainment centers, and international-class hotels and restaurants has begun to change that, and historical sites and cultural heritage are now better promoted. A cluster of museums in old colonial buildings, near Kota Station in Old Batavia, can be visited together for the history of the city, fine arts, ceramics and a collection of traditional Wayang puppets. A sprawling seafront complex, Jaya Ancol Dreamland, includes amusement and theme parks, waterpark, aquarium, beaches, hotels, a golf course and the Ocean Eco Park. It's also known for gay cruising in the evenings.
Jalan Jaksa, the center of the international backpacker district since the 1960s, is full of budget hotel rooms under US$50/night, and hostel dorm beds from US$8-16 per night. The many low-cost restaurants, cafes, and sidewalk food stalls offer a wide range of cuisines, Western or Asian style. Bars, money changers, convenience stores, laundries and internet access shops/cafes are also to be found here. From the nearby Gondangdia train station you can easily get to most everywhere in Jakarta and beyond. Shoppings centers within walking distance include the Sarinah Plaza, the Plaza Indonesia/ eX entertainment complex, and the Grand Indonesia Shopping Town around Bundaran HI - plus the Tanah Abang Blok A Market. Parades, traditional music, ondel-ondel giant puppets, palang pintu martial arts, and stalls of local crafts and foods fill the street each summer (was mid-June in 2013) during the Jalan Jaksa Festival.
See our map & listings for some gay-friendly business locations including the Apollo Bar & Lounge, for some time now the most popular gay nightclub in town. For a more comprehensive list of lodgings and restaurants see the Travel Indonesia website.
Soekarno-Hatta International Airport is the main airport serving the greater Jakarta area, located about 20 km west of downtown. As European and North American cities have few if any flights direct to Jakarta, consider Singapore or Kuala Lumpur, with over a dozen flights a day to Jakarta, as intermediate destinations. Shuttles, taxis and two bus companies connect to the city center from departure areas at all airport terminals.
Two rail lines connect Jakarta with other cities throughout Java. Cars range from modern air-conditioned comfort, to hot and hard wooden seat cheaper options. Most trains from big cities in Java (Purwokerto, Yogyakarta, Solo, Semarang, Malang and Surabaya) arrive late afternoons or evenings at Gambir station. Buy tickets at major stations. The PT Kereta Api website is Indonesian-language only, and you can't buy tickets online.
With bad traffic congestion, chaotic city layout, and left-hand-side driving to vex North Americans at least, public transportation beats car rental. "Auto rickshaw" bajaj, are still found in back streets of some parts of the city, and the TransJakarta (Indonesian-only website) rapid transit "busways" have ten dedicated bus corridors in use from 5am to 10pm. Bus stop shelters are usually located in the middle of the road, reached by elevated bridges. Fares run about 40 cents/US. The Indonesian language uses Roman letters, so street names are easy to recognize; "Jalan" the word for street is often abbreviated to Jl.
For taxis the Blue Bird group (62 21-7917-1234), with 24 hour service, is known for reliability, efficiency and safety. Always use their meter, and beware of imitators - not all blue taxis are Blue Birds. Their Silver Bird executive taxis (62 21-798-1234) charge a premium for the larger and newer cars. They also have limos and charter buses.
The rupiah (Rp) is the official currency of Indonesia (code IDR). Indonesians also use the word "perak" ('silver'). Each rupiah was subdivided into 100 sen, but with inflation (one US dollar equals around 8,500 rupiah) sen are now obsolete. ATM machines are to be found at banks and other locations in major cities. Inform your home bank of plans before leaving for credit card transactions and cash withdrawals to work smoothly, and for info on partner banks or ATM networks to save on fees. US dollars are accepted, but exchange rates vary widely, and crisp new hundred dollar bills are preferred over old, damaged, or smaller denominations.
Media & Resources
GAYa Nusantara is the national gay magazine, with website, from the glbt community center in Surabaya.
Utopia, the gay Asia web portal, has up-to-date business listings for Jakarta, along with other Javanese cities. They also have an extensive list of 'meeting places' - parks, shopping centers, swimming pools and other such cruise spots. Travel Gay Asia is another regional website with Indonesian listings.
For general tourist information see the city website Jakarta Go, and from the tourism board, Enjoy Jakarta. For destinations outside Jakarta see Indonesia's official tourism website, Travel Indonesia.
Jakarta100bars lists bars, clubs, restaurants, including gay places, in English - "the best nightlife in Jakarta."
The Beat is a bi-weekly print, and daily internet magazine covering the clubs and entertainments scenes of both Jakarta, and the island of Bali.
For an expat's take on local restaurants, housing and other tips, see Living In Indonesia.
For map locations and website links to the businesses below, and more, see our gay Jakarta listings pages.
Nightlife & gay scenes
Although the up-front gay scene is relatively small for such a large city, Jakarta is considered by party citizens of the world (see the blogs) to have the wildest nightclub scene in the world, and lines between genders and cultures get quite blurred with the widespread use of E in the clubs. Problems are typical -- widely varying quality, and being vulnerable to pickpockets or scammers. But the more serious danger comes from drug law enforcement squads who do on-the-spot searches and urine tests, with life-changing consequences for those who come up dirty.
Appolo in the Bellagio Mall, the popular upscale gay dance club and lounge in the central business district, has erotic male strippers and shows until 4am Wednesdays through Sundays.
Café Comedy, (Jalan Keman), a small, laid-back bar, popular with the international set, bears, big guys and their friends - closed for awhile, rumored to be re-opening soon (?)
New Heaven Club, (Jl. MH Thamrin 12, Jakarta Pusat), old favorite gay disco recently re-opened, after a brief time called Nirvana. Dancing and erotic male strippers.
Red Square (Plaza Senayan) is a tony vodka bar/cocktail lounge, with a gay following, especially on weekends. Above them the Black Cat Jazz Supper Club has good dining and relaxing music.
A local institution of ten years on Jalan Hayam Wuruk, Stadium is the wild wild East. The mix is mostly young local guys and backpacker internationals, in a four-story dance club of many rooms, with shows and world-class DJs. The vibe is essentially straight (girl strippers), but there's a subtext with so many young guys; gay-popular on weekends, non-stop from 9pm Fridays to 9am Monday mornings.
CLOSED: Mantra at the Grand Menteng Hotel; and Moonlight (ML) Disco.
Saunas and massage
Jakarta has several gay male-oriented sauna/massage parlors and several more hotel facilities, outwardly straight but discreetly cruisy spots for locals and visitors to mix; the hotels Meridien, Millenium, Mulia and Sultan among them.
9M, in Jakarta Pusat near the Hyatt Hotel, is the most Western bathhouse option. Their facilties include sauna, steam room, bar/ lounge, professional massage therapy services, cabins, movie lounge and cruise maze --- see their website for more.
MGround Sauna, in Jakarta Selatan, is new from the same guys as 9M, with indoor and outdoor facilities, sauna, Jacuzzi, plunge pool, videos, and a bar.
The Turkish Bath & Hammam, in South Jakarta has a hammam sauna/spa, hot tub, massage & reflexology.
Jakarta Men Club, the local branch of a regional group, does 24-hour outcalls with men-for-men masseurs. Their website features photos of guys from which to choose. English and Chinese are also spoken here.